Arthritis is disease of the joints. Various forms of arthritis can affect various parts of the body, but the wrist and multiple small joints in the hand are commonly involved.


You should be reviewed by a specialist if you experience pain, swelling and stiffness in one of the hand joints. Pending exact details of your complaint, specific clinical tests and investigations, you may benefit from one of following interventions commonly used to help arthritis sufferers:

  • Medication
  • Immobilisation and splintage
  • Physiotherapy and exercises
  • Steroid injections
  • Surgical intervention (removal of inflamed tissues, insertion of joint implants, fusion or simple surgical cleaning of the joint)


Typical small joint deformities and swellings seen in patients with hand arthritis


Typical Z deformity caused by advanced arthritis of the thumb basal joint. Neighbouring joint deformities are consequence of compensatory dynamics and pull of nearby tendons?! Because of the pull of the tendons against nearby insertions.


Finger ganglion can often be the first manifestation of underlying joint arthritis; nail deformity happens because of ganglion pressure upon the nail root.